STATISTICAL PHYSICS APPLIED TO STONE-AGE CIVILIZATION

Sumour, Muneer A. and Radwan, Mohammed A. and Shabat, Mohammed M. and EL-ASTAL, Ali H. (2011) STATISTICAL PHYSICS APPLIED TO STONE-AGE CIVILIZATION. International Journal of Modern Physics C, 22 (12). pp. 1357-1360. ISSN 0129-1831

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Abstract

About 45000 years ago, symbolic and technological complexity of human artefacts increased drastically. Computer simulations of Powell, Shennan and Thomas (2009) explained it through an increase of the population density, facilitating the spread of information about useful innovations. We simplify this demographic model and make it more similar to standard physics models. For this purpose, we assume that bands (extended families) of stone-age humans were distributed randomly on a square lattice such that each lattice site is randomly occupied with probability p and empty with probability 1 � p. Information spreads randomly from an occupied site to one of its occupied neighbors. If we wait long enough, information spreads from one side of the lattice to the opposite site if and only if p is larger than the percolation threshold; this process was called \ant in the labyrinth" by de Gennes 1976. We modify it by giving the diffusing information a finite lifetime, which shifts the threshold upwards.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: د. منير احمد عبد القادر سمور
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2018 07:42
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2018 07:42
URI: http://scholar.alaqsa.edu.ps/id/eprint/586

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