The Influence of Moringa oleifera Leaves on Growth, Organs and Blood Parameters of Weaner Rabbits in the Gaza Strip

Awed, Hayat Ahmad (2019) The Influence of Moringa oleifera Leaves on Growth, Organs and Blood Parameters of Weaner Rabbits in the Gaza Strip. Masters thesis, الجامعة الإسلامية بغز ة عمادة البحث العلمي والدراسات العليا -ماجستير علوم حياتية.

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Abstract

Studies found that the multipurpose trees can be used as available and low cost feed for livestock. The study was conducted to investigate Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) influence on the growth, carcass charactereistics, haematological and blood serum parameters of weaner rabbits. Twenty four growing rabbits were selected from the same farm and they were six to eight weeks in age and 550 to 600g in body weights. The rabbits in each group were selected randomly and distributed to four groups. Every group contained of six rabbits. Experimental diets were processed to include different levels of MOLM, and Commercial Pelleted Anber (CPA). T0 was a control group fed only CPA. T1, T2 and T3 were the experimental groups fed 20%, 40% and 60% of CPA, respectively and MOLM was added to the all the experimental groups ad-libitum. Water were presented for rabbits ad-libitum, during the trail intervals that continued from 8-10 weeks. SPSS system was used to analyze data. The results of the study showed that the MOLM have the protein supply better than form CPA for rabbit feeding. The rabbit's weights were raised when MOLM was concentrated in the diets, but the differences among the group were not statistically different (p>0.05). Mortality rates of rabbits were zero. Feed conversion ratios based on CPA diet consumption were 3.19, 2.19, 1.63, 1.13 for T0, T1, T2 and T3 trails, respectively. Partial MOLM feed increased some organs weight but decreased average of internal body fat tissues. There were significantly differences (p<0.05) among rabbits groups for haemoglobin (HGB), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), red blood cells (RBCs). This significant increase in (RBCs), (HGB) and (MCV) were associated with high dietary protein in (MOLM) diet. White blood cells (WBCs) also were significant difference (p<0.05) among treatments and were in the normal range. Monocytes counts, lymphocytes, Granulocytes and platelets counts also were in normal range. Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCHC) showed no significant different (p<0.05) and not influenced by experimental diets but was in the normal level. Serum glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides values were decreased with increasing MOLM (p<0.05) between groups. In contrast, total protein was increased with increasing of MOLM. Albumin was within the normal range but was not significantly different (p>0.05) . Finally the study was concluded that the Moringa diet was wonderful and inexpensive diet that can be added to concentrated pellets as a partially nourishment for animal feeding. Further more, using MOLM can encourage domesticated rabbits production in Gaza Strip especially in hard security conditions and low economic situation. Keywords: Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal, weaner rabbits, Commercial Pelleted Anber.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Depositing User: أ. دارين علي أحمد حمد
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 11:22
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 11:22
URI: http://scholar.alaqsa.edu.ps/id/eprint/2624

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