Nutritional Assessment of Palestinian Orphans: Al -Amal “Orphans” Institute as a Case Study

Mansour, Mohammed (2012) Nutritional Assessment of Palestinian Orphans: Al -Amal “Orphans” Institute as a Case Study. Masters thesis, Al Azhar University Gaza.

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition has been alarmed as worldwide public health problem. Orphans are one of the most vulnerable groups to nutritional deficiency and need more nutritional care for proper growth and development. Data on nutritional status of orphans in the Gaza strip is absent. Aim: To assess the nutritional status and well-being of the Al-Amal institute for orphans. Methodology: A cross-sectional study had been performed on one hundred orphaned children aged 6-18 years old living in the Al-Amal institute. Questionnaires included socio-economic status, anthropometrics (weight and height), dietary habits, physical activities and food preferences of orphans were collected. Some biochemical tests were measured. Another questionnaire aimed to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices among the cooks working in the institute regarding the nutritional guidelines was applied. SPSS was applied to analyze the obtained data. Results: The overall prevalence of underweight was 4% of the surveyed orphans, in which higher prevalence was shown in females 6% versus males 3%. The prevalence of overweight was 9% in which higher prevalence was shown in females 12% versus males 8%. The overall prevalence of obesity in both sexes was 3%. The overall prevalence of stunting was 13% of the surveyed orphans; it was 15.2% among males and 8.8% among females. Biochemical tests indicated that 36%, 13%, 16% and 15% of the surveyed orphans had low levels of calcium, magnesium, zinc and ferritin, respectively. The overall prevalence of anemia was 12% of the surveyed orphans, in which higher prevalence was shown in males 13.6% versus females 8.8%. The overall prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections (IPI) was 30%. Regarding to food preferences among orphans, the majority of them preferred a variety of carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, meat, legumes, dairy products, nuts and drinks. In addition, they strongly preferred fast foods, prickles and chips. Conclusion: The study contributes in highlighting the relationship between orphans malnutrition and lack of specific care, which needs possible intervention strategies that could contribute to reduce the risk of malnutrition among orphans in the Gaza Strip. Keywords: Orphans Malnutrition Orphanage Nutritional assessment AL-Amal Institute

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: أ. طارق زياد عبد حنونة
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 08:52
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 08:52
URI: http://scholar.alaqsa.edu.ps/id/eprint/2064

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