Nutritional assessment of burned patients in Gaza strip

Ulliyan, Samar (2017) Nutritional assessment of burned patients in Gaza strip. Masters thesis, Al Azhar University Gaza.

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Abstract

Background: Burn is a traumatic injury that can affect dietary, anti-oxidant and micronutrient intake, which is known to have effects on recovery outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the nutrition and dietary intake on the progression of the different stages of the healing process among burned patients in Gaza strip. Methodology: Hundred burned adult patients (36 males and 64 females) were enrolled in this cross-sectional clinic-based study at Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) clinics in Gaza Strip. Inclusion criteria were, all adult burned males or females with different burn degrees registered at MSF/F clinics, while exclusion criteria were patients who refused to give consent, patients with pre-existing co morbidities or patients with inadequate information due to deteriorated mental status. Interviewing questionnaires, Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ), 24 hour dietary recall and anthropometric measures were used to assess dietary, health, healing and socioeconomic status of the patients. Biochemical measures were done to assess the relationship between macro and microelements and healing of patients. Data were analyzed with SPSS (version 22.0). A P-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 34.48 years. This study showed a statistical significant associations between RBCs level and burned wound healing. Also, the results of this study indicated that, there were a positive statistical significant associations between Magnesium, Copper, and Vitamin C with healing score. There were a statistically significant difference between vegetables, fruits, meats, poultry, snacks, soups, and nuts and healing score. There were statistical significant associations between different types of protein based foods, such as; meat, poultry, and nuts intake and healing. Fruits and vegetables consumption showed statistical significant association with burn wound healing. The results reported that the protein and energy intake were significantly lower than the recommendations for both components, which might explain the higher prevalence of moderate healing (65%) among the burned patients in our study. Conclusions and recommendations: The adequacy of micronutrients as Magnesium, Copper, and Vitamin C resulted in positive wound healing outcomes. Consumption of healthy food is very important for healing process among burned patients. There is a real need for planned and well balanced meals for burned patients. Key words: Burn injury, Nutritional assessment, Micronutrients, Macronutrients, Wound healing.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: أ. طارق زياد عبد حنونة
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 08:44
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 08:44
URI: http://scholar.alaqsa.edu.ps/id/eprint/2028

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