Rethinking the Mortality and Morbidity on Cancer in the Gaza Strip

El Najjar, Mohammad (2017) Rethinking the Mortality and Morbidity on Cancer in the Gaza Strip. Masters thesis, Al Azhar University Gaza.

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Abstract

Rethinking the Mortality and Morbidity on Cancer in the Gaza Strip Cancer is a global disease and represents one of the biggest health problems. Generally, worldwide trends show that in developing countries going through rapid societal and economic changes, the shift towards lifestyles typical of industrialized countries leads to a rising burden of cancers associated with reproductive, dietary, and hormonal risk factors. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of cancer among population in the Gaza Strip, to establish the risk factors which influence the cancer in human body. To identify the biochemical indicators (White blood cells count, Hemoglobin, Platelets, Cancer antigen 19.9, Cancer antegin15.3, Cancer antegin125, Thyroglobulin Ag). And finally to find out the correlation between nutritional habits and biochemical indicators. Methodology: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database were conduct of patients treated for deference four types of cancer (colon, breast, thyroid, obstetrics cancers) at oncology departments between 1996 and 2016. There were 150 patients included in this study, was as 75 cancer patients from the oncology department of Al Shifa Hospital in Gaza, and 75 cancer patients from the department of Oncology at the European Gaza Hospital in Rafah. Data were collected through direct methods that included hematological information and indirect methods through a structured interview questionnaire. Results: The study participants were consisted of 150 patients diagnosed with cancer. More than 60% of female patients never performed breast-self exam. The level of physical activity decreased from 78.6% to 38.7% through 10 years. Just 29.3% were within normal weight. Diabetes mellitus and Thyroid gland disorder are significance to types of cancer. More than 20% of study participants had low WBC and 8.7% had high WBC. Test of significant showed that 46.7% of patients were exposed to antiperspirants which means it is for development of cancer disease. The results of this study also showed that blood analysis profile are not reach to the level of significance and all types of cancer are strongly significance with tumor biomarkers. Conclusion: Females are more susceptible to cancer than males, with mean age of 51, Majority of the sample (65 %) suffered from malnutrition. In spite of more than 95% of the study participants had been exposed to toxic gases, the results not reach to goal of viii significance at 0.05 Recommendation: Integration of clinical nutritionist in Oncology departments. Administration of antioxidants, for free, for all cancer patients. Encourage patient's don’t used any of aluminum sources (Antiperspirants, aluminum sheets for heating, kitchen tools, etc., stay away from all forms of tobacco. And maintain a healthy body weight and stay active. Key words: Cancer, Biochemical Indicators, Mortality, Morbidity, The Gaza Strip.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: أ. طارق زياد عبد حنونة
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 08:39
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 08:39
URI: http://scholar.alaqsa.edu.ps/id/eprint/2011

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